Since the company started its work, two phosphate mining methods were used, they are:
  1. Mining through tunnels, which was used before the 1970s.
  2. Mining by uncovering the ore, which is the currently applied method, where mining is done through:
  • Removing the overburden after drilling and applying explosions to the rock layer.
  • Moving the overburden by giant trucks to the specified locations.
  • Directly removing the overburden, after the explosions, by hydraulic draglines to the specified location.
  • Clustering phosphate rocks by heavy bulldozers, truck loading and moving the rocks to the crushers for crushing and sieving, and preparing them for direct drying.
  • If the type of the phosphate is of the lesser quality, it is sent to the upgrading equipment using the flotation process.